FOR PUBLICATION IN THE JOURNAL “BALGARSKI EZIK” / „ÁÚËÃÀÐÑÊÈ ÅÇÈÊ“ ISSUED BY THE INSTITUTE FOR BULGARIAN LANGUAGE “PROF. LYUBOMIR ANDREYCHIN” – BULGARIAN ACADEMY OF SCIENCES
Publication ethics and publication malpractice statement
These ethical guidelines establish the rules for the ethical behaviour of all participants in the publication process in Journal “Balgarski ezik” / „Áúëãàðñêè åçèê“ issued by the Institute for Bulgarian Language “Prof. Lyubomir Andreychin” – Bulgarian Academy of Sciences. The adherence to the adopted international standards of publication ethics shall also play a crucial role in the policy of the Editorial Board and shall aim to guarantee the exclusive publication of papers of the highest possible quality. Compliance with the standards of ethical conduct and performance of obligations in observance with professional ethics is therefore expected of all parties involved in the process of publication.
The principles of Publication ethics and publication malpractice statement in the Journal “Balgarski ezik” / „Áúëãàðñêè åçèê“ are based on the guidelines of the Committee on Publication Ethics (COPE). The journal respects these guidelines and adheres to them. They aim to ensure good ethical behaviour at all stages of the publishing process.
Institute for Bulgarian Language (IBL) as publisher of the journal “Balgarski ezik” / „Áúëãàðñêè åçèê“ takes its duties of guardianship over all stages of publishing extremely seriously and we recognize our ethical and other responsibilities. We are committed to ensuring that advertising, reprint or other commercial revenue has no impact or influence on editorial decisions. In addition, the Cyrillo-Methodian Research Centre and Editorial Board will assist in communications with other journals and/or publishers where this is useful and necessary.
The publisher is responsible for the prepress processing of each issue of the journal, as well as for the final editing and proofreading of the manuscripts. It gives the authors the opportunity to acquaint themselves with the texts that have been prepared for publication and makes the necessary corrections.
The journal is published both in print form and electronically. A paper copy is given to each author, as well as to each member of the international editorial board.
The publisher assists the compilers of each issue by providing adequate answers to questions which have arisen in the work process. It also helps the editorial board in their work on projects aimed at the development of the journal. The publisher also participates in the process of indexing the journal in the International Databases.
The members of the Editorial Board shall evaluate manuscripts exclusively on the basis of their scientific merit.
The Editorial Board approves essays and articles for printing after double blind peer review by independent experts. The Editorial Board accepts or rejects a manuscript based on the reviews and adheres to the reviewers' recommendations under what conditions they can proceed the publication. The selection shall be made with view of professional quality and academic contribution in the respective area of scientific interest.
Neither the Editor nor any member of the Editorial Board shall in any way consider manuscripts that present conflicts of interest arising from competitive, collaborative, or other relationships or connections with any of the authors, companies, or institutions, connected to the publication text. Upon the establishment of such conflicts, the Executive Editor or member of the Editorial Board concerned shall be excluded from the process of review and approval/rejection of the manuscript concerned.
Editorial Board’s member should withdraw (i.e. should ask other member of the Editorial Board instead to review and consider) from considering manuscripts in which he have conflicts of interest resulting from competitive, collaborative, or other relationships or connections with any of the authors, or (possibly) institutions connected to the papers. Editorial Board should require all contributors to disclose relevant competing interests and publish corrections if competing interests are revealed after publication. If needed, other appropriate action should be taken, such as the publication of a retraction or expression of concern.
Whenever ethical complaints are filed concerning a submitted manuscript or published paper, the Executive Editor and members of the Editorial Board shall take reasonable action to ensure that the proper compliance with the ethical standards is restored.
The Executive Editor and the members of the Editorial Board shall by all means respect the confidentiality of the reviewers and authors involved in the process of anonymous review. The Editor and the members of the Editorial Board shall not use or provide to third parties unpublished information about a manuscript without the written permission of the authors.
The Executive Editor is responsible for everything published in the journal. It is his obligation to strive to meet the needs of readers and authors, constantly improve the scientific level of published materials and maintain the integrity of the academic standards.
The Executive Editor and the Editorial Board always be willing to publish corrections, clarifications, retractions and apologies when needed.
The Executive Editor and the members of the Editorial Board shall be responsible for familiarizing all parties in the publication process with the present Ethical Guidelines.
The Executive Editor and the Editorial Board will encourage with their policies academic debate. Cogent criticisms of published work will be published unless Editors have convincing reasons why they cannot be. Authors of criticised material should be given the opportunity to respond.
The editorial Board should take reasonably responsive measures when ethical complaints have been presented concerning a submitted manuscript or published paper, in conjunction with the relevant scholarly society. Such measures will generally include contacting the author of the manuscript or paper and giving due consideration of the respective complaint or claims made, but may also include further communications to the relevant institutions and research bodies, and if the complaint is upheld, the publication of a correction, retraction, expression of concern, or other note, as may be relevant. Every reported act of unethical publishing behavior must be looked into, even if it is discovered years after publication.
The Executive Editor and the Editorial Board will respond promptly to complaints and should ensure there is a way for dissatisfied complainants to take complaints further. All complaints should be addressed to the Editor and considered at a meeting of the Editorial Board. The results of the discussion will become available in written form to the complainants. In the case the conflict cannot be resolved at this stage the dissatisfied party is authorized to pursue legal form of action, whenever appropriate, according to the laws of the Republic of Bulgaria.
The Executive Editor is in charge for managing the conflicts of interest of the staff, authors, reviewers and International Editorial Board members.
It is the responsibility of the Executive Editor to ensure that research material published in the journal conforms to internationally accepted ethical guidelines.
The Executive Editor and the Editorial Board will take all reasonable steps to ensure transparent publishing process and reliability of the information they publish in the “Balgarski ezik” / „Áúëãàðñêè åçèê“. Their decisions to accept or reject a paper should be based only on the paper’s quality, originality, and clarity on the basis of the results of the double-blind peer review procedure. The journal has a declared mechanism for authors to appeal against Editorial decisions. In such cases a third anonymous reviewer is selected and the resulting report is discussed at the meeting of the Editorial Board.
The Executive Editor and the Editorial Board publish and regularly update the guidance to authors on everything that is expected of them. This guidance is regularly updated on the website of the journal “Balgarski ezik” / „Áúëãàðñêè åçèê“. The Executive Editor commits not to reverse decisions to accept submissions unless serious problems are identified with the submission. New Editors should not overturn decisions to publish submissions made by the previous Editor unless serious problems are identified.
Authors are obliged to identify the sources of their funding, e.g. internal funding by a university, institute, etc., or any form of external funding. Authors shall justify the significance of their scientific research while at the same time providing comprehensive detail and citations/references to their sources so that any interested parties are able to reproduce the study analysis. Fraudulent or knowingly inaccurate statements constitute unethical conduct and shall therefore be deemed unacceptable.
Authors shall by all means strive to ensure that their work is entirely original, and therefore wherever and whenever the work and/or words of others are used, all instances shall be appropriately acknowledged. Plagiarism in all its forms constitutes unethical publishing conduct and shall therefore be deemed unacceptable. The authors provide only manuscripts that have not been published or submitted for review in other journals. Submitting the same manuscript to more than one journal concurrently constitutes unethical publishing conduct and is unacceptable.
The authors are obliged to respond promptly to all editors’ inquiries on primary data, clarification of the text or copyright. Authors should correct their manuscripts in accordance with the guidelines and recommendations of the reviewers.
The corresponding author shall strive to ensure that there is a full consensus of all co-authors in approving the final version of the paper and its submission for publication. The publication of any part of a collective research work without the prior consent of all contributing authors is inadmissible. Another important condition with regard to collective research work is that all co-authors shall be able to demonstrate their significant involvement in and contribution to the research under consideration.
Authors shall state that (to the best of their knowledge) all data utilized for the purposes of their research are genuine, authentic and not manipulated.
Authors should describe their methods clearly and unequivocally, so other scientists can confirm their findings. In case significant errors are discovered, authors shall duly notify the editorial Board so that publication could be withdrawn and revised accordingly in due time.
After receiving a confirmation for publication of the paper, the author fills in the following Declaration of consent. (Publication Agreement)
The Executive Editor publishes guidance to reviewers on everything that is expected of them. This guidance is regularly updated and refers to this code.
The Executive Editor guarantees the peer review process and the peer reviewers’ anonymity and those of the authors according to the requirements of the double-blind review procedure.
The job of reviewers is crucial for the attestation and improvement of the quality of any and all materials submitted for publication, and shall be of conclusive importance in the decision making process on behalf of the Editorial Board as regards the publication of materials.
Reviewers shall not consider manuscripts in which they have conflicts of interest resulting from competitive, collaborative, or other relationships or connections with any of the authors, companies, or institutions connected to the papers.
The ethical principle of confidentiality lies at the core of any reviewer’s job. Privileged information or ideas obtained through peer review shall be kept confidential and not used for personal advantage.
Reviews shall be conducted in an objectively, comprehensive, and accurate manner, while any observations shall be formulated clearly and supported by arguments.
Reviewers should identify relevant published work that has not been cited by the authors. Any statement that an observation, derivation, or argument had been previously reported should be accompanied by the relevant citation. A reviewer should also call to the editor's attention any substantial similarity or overlap between the manuscript under consideration and any other published paper of which they have personal knowledge.
Any appointed reviewer who feels unqualified to review the research reported in a manuscript, or is otherwise aware that a prompt or accurate review will be impossible, shall notify the Executive Editor and step down from the review process.
The Editor in charge will protect the confidentiality of individual information (e.g. that obtained through the doctor–patient relationship or with questionnaires). It is therefore almost always necessary to obtain written informed consent from patients, experimental subjects and interviewees described in case reports and for photographs of informants and participants. It may be possible to publish without explicit consent if the report is important to public general public concern, if such consent is unusually burdensome to obtain, and if a reasonable individual would be unlikely to object to publication (all three conditions must be met).7. Ensuring the integrity of the academic effort and pursuing misconduct
Whenever it is found that a significant inaccuracy, misleading statement or distorted report has been published, it will be corrected promptly and with due prominence. If, after an appropriate investigation, an item proves to be fraudulent, it will be retracted. The retraction should be clearly identifiable to readers and indexing systems.
Editors accept the duty to act if they suspect misconduct. This duty extends to both published and unpublished papers. The Editor should not simply reject papers that raise concerns about possible misconduct. S/he accepts the ethical obligation to pursue alleged cases. S/he should first seek a response from those accused. If they are not satisfied with the response, they should ask the appropriate body (regulatory or legal body) to investigate.
The Executive Editor should make all reasonable efforts to ensure that a proper investigation is conducted. If this does not happen, the Editors will make all reasonable attempts to persist in obtaining a resolution to the problem.
Journal “Balgarski ezik” is published by an academic institution that is funded by the state and by other publicly available resources of funding in Bulgaria. The Editorial independence is strictly maintained and the publication strategy and practices are the sole responsibility of the Executive Editor and the Editorial Board. No commercial considerations are taken into account in this and any other respect. The Executive Editor is willing to publish criticisms, according to the same criteria used for material in the rest of the journal.
The printed version of the journal is distributed by subscription. Annual subscription rate for “Balgarski ezik” is 60 lv /35 Euro. (4 issues per year and 1 Supplement).